Making Jurassic Park 3
Jurassic Park 3 continued the franchise, taking audiences back to Isla Sorna. For the first time, the film was not adapted from a Michael Crichton novel. The story needed to be an exciting adventure story that took audiences to new territory. Steven Spielberg gave the director reigns to Joe Johnston. Stan Winston Studios and Industrial Light and Magic (ILM) returned for their third act. Once again, advances in technology contributed to the level of effects the film could achieve. Rather than yield to the rapidly advancing technology of computer generated images, the makers of the film decided that practical effects were still needed. Now, CGI and animatronic dinosaurs could interact seamlessly on screen. The blending of various technologies contributed to the astonishing new effects. Old tools were improved and adapted to make the dinosaurs look more realistic than ever. The previous films relied more on shooting on location to achieve most of the scenes from the jungle. In Jurassic Park 3 , much of the jungle footage is conducted on stage. The desired flora was brought in and with the tricks of the light; the immense jungle environment was created.
With a new movie comes the opportunity to introduce new creatures. Again, the filmmakers consulted paleontologist Jack Horner. The first two films had one undeniable top predator, the Tyrannosaurus. Horner hypothesized that Tyrannosaurus was not well suited to being a hunter and that it was predominantly a scavenger. For Jurassic Park 3, the filmmakers wanted something new to take the place of T.rex. There were many dinosaur candidates, most notably Baryonyx, which was scrapped because it wasn't large enough. The decision was made to incorporate Spinosaurus, currently the largest theropod dinosaur ever known. The urge to up the ante required thorough character development of Spinosaurus to make the audiences fear and respect the new creature. Other creatures received a makeover as well. While the final action sequence of The Lost World Jurassic Park was intended to feature Pteranodon, the idea was scrapped in favor of a T.rex attack sequence, giving Pteranodon only seconds on screen. Jurassic Park 3 incorporates this pterosaur by adapting a scene from the first novel. Even the iconic Velociraptor took on a new look. The incorporation of feathers on the males and a revision of the skull was intended to represent new scientific discoveries. The film achieved success at the box office and would remain the last film in the franchise for 14 years.